The ILVA factory in Taranto is a steel plant with 12,000 employees. Back in 2013, a police investigation found that the factory had been polluting the city of Taranto with dioxin and several other carcinogenic chemicals for decades. The effects on the population are a dramatic increase in cancer cases. In the district of Tamburi, which is located right under the chimney, every single family is mourning at least one death from cancer. Cars, buildings, pavements, gardens, are all covered in a fine red dust and small coal debris. PM10 particulate matter and deadly benzopyrene fill the air. The city's economy is wiped out by the presence of the huge steel factory. Fishermen have no work and farmers find their livestock contaminated and dangerous. Tourism in the beautiful bay of Taranto is lost and the municipality is bankrupt.